Alopecia Areata is believed to be an immunological disease under genetic control, which disrupts the normal biology of the hair follicle. For more than 30 years, leading Dermatologists around the world have been studying hair growth patterns, genetic and immune theories, striving for a cure and an acceptable treatment for Alopecia Areata. Today there is no cure! Today the treatments vary! Today we have hope!
Alopecia areata is a common disease that results in the loss of hair on the scalp and elsewhere on the body. There are three types of Alopecia Areata; Alopecia areata, alopecia areata totalis and alopecia areata universalis. There are different types of alopecia, with the most common being androgenetic.
In all forms of alopecia areata, the hair follicles remain alive and are ready to resume normal hair production whenever they receive the appropriate signal. In all cases, hair regrowth may occur even without treatment and even after many years.
Understanding what category of Alopecia Areata you may have can be very confusing. Many people shorten the classification due to the difficulties in pronouncing the full names.
ALOPECIA AREATA MONOLOCULARIS describes baldness in only one spot. It may occur anywhere on the head.
ALOPECIA AREATA MULTILOCULARIS describes baldness to multiple areas of hair loss.
ALOPECIA AREATA BARBAE describes hair loss limited only to the beard
ALOPECIA AREATA TOTALIS explains the total loss of all the hair on the scalp.
ALOPECIA AREATA UNIVERSALIS explains all body hair, including pubic hair, limb and facial hair.
CICATRICIAL ALOPECIA a diverse group of rare disorders that destroy the hair follicle, replace it with scar tissue, and cause permanent hair loss.
ALOPECIA AREATA OPHIASIS The bald area runs from ear to ear at the back of the scalp.
DIFFUSE / ANDROGENETIC ALOPECIA AREATA has been attributed to a short anagen phase and subsequent inability of hair to grow resulting in a form of incomplete hair loss affecting the whole scalp without distinct patches
PERINAEVOID ALOPECIA AREATA is characterised by Pigmented nevi, these are spots of skin with colour different from surrounding skin – usually moles.
TRIANGULAR ALOPECIA AREATA – A rare form of alopecia areata where the hair loss lesion presents in a triangular shape.
RETICULAR ALOPECIA AREATA is characterised by a net-like pattern of hair loss in which irregular areas without hair are interspersed with areas of hair on the scalp